What are Diabetic Foot Ulcers?

    Foot troubles are typical in people with diabetes as the health condition may cause nerve damage over a span of time, resulting in a condition called diabetic neuropathy. This can make the patient lose sensation in her feet. Specific cuts and wounds that develop in the feet may go unnoticed in such situations, leading to infection, which is often very severe in a patient with diabetes. The nerve damage coupled with the restricted blood flow in the lower limbs of people already having diabetes can together result in the development of diabetic foot ulcers. If left untreated, this could become serious enough to require full or partial amputation. Diabetic foot ulcers are common complications among patients who do not have well-controlled diabetes. People suffering from diabetes unwantedly could develop foot ulcers but having good care of your foot could help you prevent them.

    Causes

    Family history

    Family history

    Obesity

    Obesity

    Sitting or standing for long hours

    Sitting or standing for long hours

    Hormonal changes

    Hormonal changes

    Symptoms

    Pain and heaviness in the legs

    Pain and heaviness in the legs

    Burning and muscle cramping

    Burning and muscle cramping

    Discoloration of the skin

    Discoloration of the skin

    Twisted and bulge veins

    Twisted and bulge veins

    Treatment

    Your doctor may recommend surgery for a diabetic foot ulcer if an actual amount of dead or infected tissue encompasses the wound. Initially, the surgeon will clean the region encircling the ulcer to prevent further development of the ulcer. The surgeons will perform invasive procedures to improve the blood flow in the region. The procedures include:

     

    Debridement: Debridement is a process to clear the infected skin and tissue from the ulcer; This will benefit the doctor to assess the soft tissue damage and give it the right direction to heal. The doctor uses a sharp tool, like a scalpel, to eliminate the tissue encircling the wound and then wash out the wound with a disinfectant solution. You may go for the procedure more than once over two weeks. The doctor will also prescribe you an ointment to destroy the dead tissues over time.
    After the procedure, the doctor will cover the wound with a sterile bandage. You may apply a new application daily to keep the damage clean. In case you undergo pain, the doctor may ask you to take pain relief medications.
    Vascular Surgery: If there is feeble blood flow in the ulcerated region, you should opt for vascular surgery. The vascular surgeon will perform one or multiple procedures to enhance the blood flow in the specific area. Your surgeon will ask you not to smoke and recommend you a healthy diet for the best results. The surgeon may initiate vascular procedures by practicing general or regional anesthesia. Your doctor will recommend the best for you based on your preference and medical history. Depending on the procedure, you will return the same day or admit yourself a few days in the hospital for essential care.

    Post Varicose Veins Treatment

    1. Immediately after the procedure, you can walk around normally. Walking encourages the healing process and promotes the vein circulation in legs.
    2. After the procedure, you will go home wearing a stocking with absorbent wool underneath. It is advised to keep the bandage and stocking in place for 48 hours.
    3. It is advised to not to take a bath after the first two days of surgery.
    4. It may be wise to avoid activities like exercise, swimming and workout for about 2 weeks after the procedure. You can resume the activities afterwards.
    5. The surgery may cause a little pain afterwards, so make sure that you follow the medicines prescribed by the doctor. You can put an ice bag on your legs to ease the pain and swelling.
    6. It is advised to keep your legs elevated to keep the blood flowing towards your heart.

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      FAQs

      Varicose veins are recognized as real and not just a cosmetic treatment. Thus, most of the insurance plan covers varicose veins.

      Before carrying out the laser surgery doctor will conduct a thorough physical examination and will ask about previous medical history. After being sure, the doctor will perform the laser treatment.

      No, the treatment offered by Sama Hospital is an outpatient procedure and does not require multiple sessions. Varicose veins laser treatment is a quick procedure and takes less than an hour to complete. You can get rid of varicose veins in just a day and can return home and live a healthy & pain-free life.

      Yes, any age group people can undergo the treatment. Varicose veins laser treatment at Sama Hospital is 100% safe and does not involve any risk and thus anyone can undergo the surgery without any problems.

      Laser Treatment is totally safe and reliable because it’s a non-invasive procedure (Not involving the introduction of instruments into the body) but in another method, it’s an Operative Procedure. (Conventional Surgery). The Laser treatment also ensures that no complications occur after the surgery. Modern high-tech laser treatment is absolutely safe and successful as compared to the old types of surgeries.

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